Tagged "sleep"


Could Skipping Out on Sleep Be the New Smoking?

Posted by Amina AlTai on

Okay. Real talk time.  We’ve all had to pull the occasional all-nighter, whether it’s to finish up work, take care of your children or play a video game ( I know who you are!!) In my twenties, I co-founded a marketing agency, and there were a few times where I slept in the office because I thought “I didn’t have time to go home.” So, instead of wasting 1.5 hours on commuting, I would stay at the office all night, sleep for 1.5 hours and then get back to business.

I can’t stress enough how terrible this is for your body. My lack of sleep and incredible amounts of stress were big contributors my worsening autoimmune conditions. What's more, studies have demonstrated that keeping your body awake for just 17 to 19 hours straight impacts performance more than a blood-alcohol level of .1 percent* (the legal limit in most Western European countries). This seemingly innocuous level of sleep deprivation slows a person’s reaction time down by 50 percent compared to a person who is well-rested.  So, if you’re driving your children around, or attempting to deliver a killer presentation, just keep in mind that you’re basically performing drunk.

So, what is the optimal amount of sleep?

It’s not the 8 hours the old adage would make you think. Though every body is different and needs varying levels of sleep and self-care Daniel Kripke, arguably the world’s most accomplished sleep researcher, says people that get between 6.5 and 7.5 hours of sleep per night are the happiest and most productive, and they live the longest. When we sleep, our body is focused on much-needed repair work. It’s the key to feeling energized, looking younger, staying slimmer and having a better functioning brain. On the flip side, too much sleep (anything in excess of eight hours per night) is actually correlated with significantly higher mortality rates.  Though, the research does point to lifestyle factors as contributors. So when it comes to sleep, balance is everything.  

Can we make up for lost sleep?

Many of my clients suffer from imbalanced sleep—they’ll get roughly 4-5 hours per week night and then attempt to “catch up” on the weekends. But, can we actually make up lost sleep?  A recent sleep study found that sleepiness, inflammation and stress hormones all returned to normal after weekend recovery sleep. However, measurements on performance tests that assessed participants ability to pay attention, significantly deteriorated after sleep deprivation and didn’t improve after recovery sleep. That is to suggest, weekday sleep debt can’t be recouped over just one weekend.

So what’s a busy professional to do in order to get the healthy amount of shut-eye?

  • Turn off all phones, computers, TVs, etc. an hour before bed. The blue light emitted from them tricks our brain into believing it’s time to be awake.
  • Keep your temperature between 65 and 69 degrees, as this is optimal for a sound slumber. Studies suggest that is where our bodies find the best sleep. Rachel Salas, MD, a neurologist at Johns Hopkins University who specializes in sleep medicine, cites a National Sleep Foundation study that puts the magic number at 65 degrees. But this largely depends on your body and resting metabolic rate, so test temperatures in this range.
  • Cut out cured meats and cheese before bed. They trigger the release of norepinephrine which can make us feel alert and wired.
  • Try a few relaxing yoga poses such as corpse pose, relaxing hero pose or legs up the wall pose.
  • Enlist a professional. Acupuncture is proven to provide relief to insomniacs. If you’re in NYC, check out my dear friend and DAOM, Dr. Sarah Emily Sajdak.
  • Supplement! Melatonin, kava kava, Gabba and valerian root can also help to provide relief from sleepless nights. Don’t self-medicate though: Share your concerns with your doctor or healthcare professional for recommendations that are safest for you.
  • Set healthy boundaries. My clients who usually have to pull the all-nighters are often the ones who raise their hands first to volunteer for extra work.  While we know we might have to occasionally accommodate work at off hours, always self-sacrificing to “prove” yourself will only make you ill.  Set promises to yourself about what you’re willing to do and what you’re not.  If cutting into sleep consistently is on that list, make sure you have the necessary conversations to set you up for success in that way. 
  • Meditate or do some breathing. Another biggie with my insomniac clients is unmanaged stress.  They come home late and their minds are racing going through the day and all that took place.  When you’re trying to fall asleep it’s important to try and get out of your head and into your body.  A short meditation or breathing exercise like the 4-7-8 breath is a great place to start.  

 

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The BHH Definitive Guide to Better Sleep

Posted by Julia McVeigh on

 

Recently, someone asked me to name my favorite hobby. I considered for a moment and then responded, “Sleeping!” You might laugh, but totally I’m serious: My love for sleep is REAL. I’m a huge, unapologetic sleeper and I thoroughly rely on a good nine hours (yes, really) each night in order to feel and be my best. In fact, I would say my ability to get qualitysleep is the single determiner of how healthy, happy, productive, and focused I feel.

 

Through time, however, I’ve learned that getting great sleep isn’t simply about making the time to sleep; it’s about working to create the right conditions for quality sleep. Ahead, I’m sharing my tips and tricks – most of which are backed up with research. Read on.

 

Exercise daily

While exercise can stimulate and energize you during the day, research has found that it can help facilitate sound sleep at night. This doesn’t mean exhausting yourself with rigorous, punishing workouts, either. Additional research shows that even engaging in low-impact activities like tai chi  and yoga helped improve participants’ sleep patterns. I prefer to exercise in the first half of my day, for about 45 – 60 minutes. Do anything you can – even power-walking works!

 

Get cold(er)

Did you know that when we sleep our temperature naturally drops? It happens, in part, because when we enter REM sleep(the gold standard for awesome zzz’s) our body loses some capacity for thermoregulation. Further, this drop in temperature – up to two full degrees! – is a natural way for our body to reserve all-important energy for the coming day.

 

This is why I’ve found that a slightly cooler room is a great way to prep for a good night’s sleep. Other "chill to sleep" tactics I’ve employed include sticking my feet outside of the covers – an utterly game-changing trick I learned from New York Magazine – and taking a hot bath before bed. You might be scratching your head at the bath thing, but by raising your temperature before bed, you’re setting the stage for it to then drop. I know: Mind. Blown.

 

Meditate

If meditation seems like a catch-all recommendation for wellness, it's because it is -- it can positively impact nearly every aspect of our lives, including how well we sleep. A recent study showed that participants who in engaged in mindfulness activities over a six week span slept better, had less insomnia, and showed less signs of depression than their control counterparts who didn't participate in similar activities. If you're a total meditation newbie, try checking out our recent poston how to get started. Then get snoozin'.

 

Ditch stimulants and depressants close to bedtime

Yes, that glass of wine can make you sleepy. But it can also disrupt your ability to enter into REM -- meaning you’re getting low-quality, surface-level sleep. (The expression “passing out” from drinking exists for a reason.) Processing alcohol can also make your temperature go up – which, as you’ve just learned, can inhibit quality sleep.

 

Along those same lines, a stimulant like caffeine can totally derail your sleep efforts if you’re not careful. I’m serious: it’s not just about saying no to that post-dinner espresso; one piece of research highlighted that even drinking coffee six hours before bedtime can result in a lost hour of sleep. My advice? Stick to coffee in the morning and ditch caffeine altogether no later than 2pm.

 

Eat tryptophan-rich foods

Tryptophan is an essential amino acid that helps do things like regulate our hormones. As such, it's involved with the production of both serotonin (our "happy" hormone) and melotonin, which is the hormone that regulates our sleepcycles. Some research suggests eating more tryptophan-rich foods (such as cage-free eggs, wild-caught salmon, and spirulina) can be helpful in naturally treating insomnia. With that noted, be sure you're not eating too close to bedtime... 

 

Eat dinner earlier

Several years ago, I wrote an article for FirstWeFeast on the science of dreaming and food. Through this fascinating subject I learned that big meals close to bedtime not only disrupt your sleep, they can also be a precursor for nightmarish dreams. This is for two reasons: One, your body’s temperature rises when it is trying to digest food – and we now know that being hot (and bothered) while sleeping is a no-no. Two, certain foods – such as spices – have psychoactive properties, which can influence your brain's functioning. If you’ve ever had a restless night of crazy dreams after a spicy, exotic meal, you know what I’m talking about. Eat as early as possible, allowing your body plenty of time to digest prior to hitting the hay.

 

Less screens, more books

I’m not the first person who has told you this, but you really should put your phone away before bed. I don’t mean two minutes before bed, either – I’m talking at least a half an hour prior to snoozin'. This is because the blue light emitted by your iPhone, tablet, or even your television disrupts the production of melatonin, the hormone involved with getting you asleep. In lieu of Instagram scrolling, I prefer reading a good-old fashioned book: It’s a meditative, calming activity and it sets the stage for winding your brain down. (Unless, of course, you’re reading some sort of crazy thriller. Maybe pick something else?)

 

Don’t stress about not sleeping

Perhaps the best piece of advice about sleeping better is to stop focusing on the actual act of sleeping. This is because when you focus on sleep, you only amplify or aggravate existing anxiety, putting undue pressure on yourself. Instead of obsessing over the witching hour that is bedtime, attempt to make the lifestyle changes I’ve detailed out: exercising, early dinners, a better diet, and calming nighttime rituals. I think you’ll find that by focusing on them (most of which happen during the day) you won’t need to think about sleep at night. And, when all else fails, don’t forget to stick your feet outside of the covers!

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